Posted: December 20th, 2008 | Author: Kevin Lee | Filed under: Kev's Thoughts On... | Tags: Chinese, keyboard, language, Pin Yin, QWERTY, texting, writing | 19 Comments »
This is not a post bashing the Chinese and saying they are losing their culture. Or maybe it is? Depends on how you take it.
My Dad has been complaining that he is forced to write in English whenever he uses a piece of technology: computers or text-messaging by phone. He wants to write in his native Chinese so that he can express himself more eloquently and to make it easier for communicating with Mainland Chinese. As a Hong Kong-born Chinese, he never learned Pin Yin, and only knows Traditional characters. So he’s elected to learn the input-sequence known as “Jiu Fang” or “Gow Fong” or “Nine Squares”. Its an older system of chinese word-processing that is stroke-based instead of phonetics-based Pin Yin. They still use the keyboard we are familiar with, but each button represents a different action. The majority of overseas Chinese who write Traditional characters are still on this system.
I was explaining to my dad that Mainland Chinese today use PinYin in all their Chinese word processing, from emails to text messaging. I also related to him how a large majority of my friends are so used to writing Chinese on a keyboard using the Pin Yin system, that it has become challenging for them to pick up a pen and begin writing script chinese characters. Most savvy Chinese today type as fast as they think, with their fingers stabbing a sequence of buttons on a keyboard without having to think about the phonetics involved in building the pin yin for that character. Much like how we type in English.
The interesting thing is that while both English and Chinese are using the same QWERTY keyboard, and both are writing primarily from muscle memory, English writers can actually see each button they press become a letter on the screen. Not so for the Chinese. A sequence of muscle-memorized punches equals each character. To me, it is mind-boggling how the mind can process and adapt like that.
To take the boggle-ness a step further, throw in predictive text. The Pin Yin word processing system has integrated within it a predictive text function, so a person keyboarding Chinese doesn’t even have to finish the sequence of the character to get what he/she wants. Then add on top of that predictive phrasing. Just the first few key punches of each character sequence and you have an entire sentence without actually completing even one full character’s sequence. It really is miraculous watching a person speed-typing Chinese. We have something kind of like this in English with predictive texting on phones. My thumb moves over that little number pad at such speed that often people on the other end think I’m messaging them with a Blackberry.
But imagine if us writing the English language were encouraged to type only with predictive-text number pads because it was more efficient, or because we never invented the QWERTY keyboard? What if we were only taught the number-board method from the beginning? Would we be able to actually pick up a pen and physically write English today?
Sure, we would be able to read English. But I think you’ll agree that in general the level of penmanship in our younger generations has deteriorated as a result of earlier and earlier adoption of the keyboard.
The same is happening with the Chinese, except for them, they are adopting to a predictive text, predictive phrase, phonetic, pin yin system to write simplified chinese characters. As China continues to develop and gain in wealth, Chinese word processing on a keyboard is being introduced into the classroom earlier and earlier. I would be very interested to see how the next generation of Chinese youth do if asked to produce a hand-written piece of Chinese writing. How will their minds reverse-engineer the few buttons on the keyboard they would normally press, back into actual pen strokes to form a scripted character? The next generation of English writers who are also used to the keyboard may find it easier because 1) we can phonetically sound out the spelling of each word and 2) we only have 26 letters to remember and choose from. The Chinese language has thousands of characters to remember.
The act of hand-writing Chinese (and English for that matter too) will be relegated to a mere hobby, or folk-art.
Some questions that arise at this junction are:
a) What other languages/peoples are experiencing the same phenomenon?
b) What are the implications of this change? Is it a good thing or bad?
c) Are there business opportunities found in this situation?
Posted: September 15th, 2008 | Author: Kevin Lee | Filed under: Kev's Thoughts On..., My Reflections On... | Tags: Beijing, Chinese, Chinese business, expectations, family, Government, Olympics | No Comments »
Well, its come and gone. The great expectation that all of us have been waiting for the past 8 years has come to pass, and for better or worse, without any incident. What do we make of it all? Here are some of my thoughts:
The time leading up to the Olympics went by much too fast, with most of us saying at least once every day something like “can you believe its only 1 week before the Olympics?” It was oddly quiet in and around Beijing, and understandably so, with all the foreigners being booted out of China because of renewing visa issues. Most of us thought secretly to ourselves “things will pick up once the Olympics roll around and droves of tourists make their way to the city. Our predictions of hordes of uncontrollable tourists will hold up.” And so everyone waited, and watched, as the news cycle grew ever-increasingly centered around the city we’ve adopted as our home.
Those lucky enough to have secured a proper visa to stay in Beijing witnessed the last few weeks leading up to the Olympics a huge amount of last-minute effort by the Chinese government to beautify and spruce up the town. To name a few noticeable changes:
1) The Beijing government instilled a even-odd license plate driving law: where even-numbered license plated cars can drive on even numbered days, and vice versa for odd number plated cars. Essentially halving the number of cars on the streets
2) The Olympic Volunteer stations started popping up everywhere; and more than just a few of us watched in wonderment as countless Chinese retirees lined the sidewalks sitting on stools or falling asleep beside their blaring radios, while wearing their official ‘Volunteer’ shirts.
3) Overnight, every hutong and mom & pop shop had a Chinese flag hanging on a pre-installed flag-stand just over every shop entrance. To this day I still don’t know how they did that, given my colleagues went out looking for Chinese flags to buy, and had difficulty locating a good dealer.
4) The government also commandeered every available outdoor billboard, and also made wholly-new outdoor advertising space by draping all unfinished buildings (and many fully operational ones as well) with Olympic posters. Lots of commercial buildings put up Olympic-themed sculptures, and I wouldn’t assume they did it out of their own Olympic spirit.
5) A whole new army of VW cars hit the roads during this time. As VW was the official automobile sponsor of the Olympics, it is logical. But it was still astounding to see how many VWs were on the road, all of them with Olympic-decorated side panels.
6) Hybrid-Electric taxis were seen cruising the streets, just a token amount, to be picked up by news agencies of Beijing’s ‘Green’ Olympics, but they were present. And, surprisingly, they’re still on the streets now, a few weeks after the close of the Olympics.
7) The Olympics had an official Dumpling brand too. Can you believe that? I just wanted to add that in because I found it ridiculously hilarious.
Yet while all of these great, noticeable improvements were taking place, China’s dealing with foreigner visas and also the immense scrutiny by foreign media on China’s numerous shortcomings made me think again about China’s conduct leading up and during the Olympics.
I found it amusingly similar (although I don’t know why it was surprising to me), that the way the Chinese government went around preparing and executing the Olympics is much like how any normal Chinese business negotiates and delivers on a business deal.
In essence (and I’m sure those of you who do business in China will agree with me), the Chinese are overly willing to promise the moon when it comes to the opening deal negotiation and what is ‘possible’. Very rarely will you hear a ‘no’ from a Chinese counterpart during a deal-making discussion. “You want this to be done then? No problem.” “You want there to be this many widgets in that many sprockets? Absolutely, we can do that.” But, as many of us have experienced before, when it comes time for the goods to be delivered, the project to be complete, the event to be executed, you find that they’ve done their job, but maybe only 75% to your expectations. And when you ask them whats up with the other 25%, your Chinese counterparts answer something like this: “Sorry, that’s all we could do in this time frame. Give us more time and we can get it done to the way you like it.” Or “We’ll use some other material. Its almost the same as what you wanted, give us another week and we can do it.” Or “Yeah, we’ll give you a discount cause you’re not happy with it.”
The Beijing Olympics were alarmingly similar. Those of us living here were constantly wondering if the Bird’s Nest and the Watercube would be done in time, and most critically, whether we would see blue skies. The new subway lines promised for the Olympics just barely got up and running, just weeks and days before the Opening Ceremonies, and you could see it was a rush job, as Line 10 and the Olympic Line 8 had completely bare white walls, something I am sure was not originally planned. And then there are the two other elephants in the room, the ‘Green’ Olympics and the promise of a free press.
Eight years ago the Beijing Olympic Organizing committee promised China would change to the Olympic selection committee and by proxy the free world. But eight years later the same excuses that you’ve heard from Chinese business people were expressed (albeit intrinsically) by the Chinese government at the state of the Olympics: “Sorry, our economy has been uncontrollably strong, we couldn’t wean our heavy industry off of coal in time, so it’ll be ‘Green’ because we’re just going to shut down our factories for the period during the Olympics.” And “Yeah, sorry, our society isn’t yet ready for the onslaught of free press, so we’re going to have it ‘free’ by allowing the press free access to designated zones, and then follow you around everywhere else you go.” And “yeah, sorry we did mention freedom of speech to our citizens by the time of the Olympics, but we just couldn’t make it happen, so we’re going to create ‘protest zones’ for any legitimate protestors, and all they’ll need to do is apply to protest, and those that get through our application process (although none will) will be able to protest, and those that don’t make it through will be tracked, and then kicked out of China.”
It’s all very Chinese. But when this comparison first entered my mind I thought “huh, yeah, makes sense.”
Another perspective and another example that came to mind that characterizes China’s actions during the Olympics is like a Chinese family welcoming you to visit their home. If you have a Chinese mother, or know a Chinese family, you may be familiar with the type of mindset that rules any occasion when company is coming over: Everything must be PERFECT. Dusted, vacuumed, tidied up, the best silverware, and mom’s most accomplished dishes prepared for the guest. What cannot be fixed or cleaned up must be hidden away, or put out of sight for fear of embarrassing the host.
I don’t think it’s a far stretch to see this is exactly how the Chinese reacted to the Olympics. Foreigners who didn’t have a clear and productive purpose for being in China were deemed a ‘risk’ and sent home; migrant workers, while the backbone of the development of China, were all sent home for fear of tarnishing China’s ‘developed’ image.
But before some of you think to yourself “yeah that was wrong, the Chinese were overly cautious”, let me ask you, what would you do if you had guests coming over to your house? What happens if you have a very important guest coming over and you have a very unhappy brother who you know will try to make it his mission to cause a scene? Would you not make sure that he isn’t there during the visit?
Or more interestingly, what would you do if you had an important visitor coming to your house, but you knew he had a strong tendency to poke through all of your rooms, closets, and dressers, in search of something to condemn you on? Wouldn’t you lock some of your doors too?
I’m sure these are some of the feelings shared by the Chinese officials as they planned on what they would and wouldn’t permit during the Olympics. Can you blame them? In the name of rights & freedoms, maybe. But if the tables were turned and there was press coming to dig deep into what you have stashed away in your closet, under your bed or in your dresser, wouldn’t you do the same thing?
For the Chinese, the fact that the Olympics were met with no real terrorist attack or major protest, must be a huge sigh of relief. A lot of patting on the backs I am sure. They must be feeling that the important guest has finally left, and no real debacle has made them lose irreparable face.
For the rest of us, the Olympics have come and gone. The actual games were a blast and yet a blur, and a little dissapointingly quiet and orderly. Now that its all over, we here living in China are in a post-Olympic disillusionment. What do we look forward to now? Just 10% Year over year GDP growth? That’s it? Nothing else?
Great expectations have come and gone. And now we’re just trying to make sense of what is next.